Regarding the Agreement between ACTED based in Phnom Penh Cambodia and CIEDI which supported by the European Union via ACTED and Khmer Youth Association (KYA) to conduct training course of New Enterprise Creation Program (NECP) for four Commune Learning Centres at Svay Antor District, Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. This course is designed particular to strengthen the capacity of Non State Actors to establish model Community Learning Centres (CLCs) to provide systematic skills training to educationally disadvantaged youth and integrate this service delivery model into national systems. The training course aims to equip the participants of entrepreneur mind set and traits, marketing tool to help them in identify the business opportunities for their business and find out who are the target customers for their product, develop marketing strategies to push their business and product to reach the market, and all CLCs have to develop their own three-year business plan regard to entrepreneurship, marketing and customer concept, financial and accounting at the end session.
The NECP programme is different from other programmes in the sense that methodology used during the Entrepreneurship Training is based on the concept of entrepreneurship from a psychological point of view and a behavioural approach to entrepreneurship. Researched demonstrate that there are a series of key entrepreneurial competencies and behaviour associated with successful entrepreneur. These can be strengthened in individuals by appropriate exposure and training. To achieved that not by lecturing theories but rather through learning by doing and personal self-transformation of entrepreneurs. It is a practical tool for helping participants to develop Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies, not traditional business skills such as marketing, financial accounting, financial management, regulations and procedures.
There are practical activities used during the three-day trainings such as energizer, lectures, brainstorming, role play, case studies, simulation exercises, group discussions, presentation and experience sharing by the trainers to the participants. The participant who is assigned to be the energizer is expected to boost participants' attention and motivation when they are in a state of exhaustion or boredom during the participatory learning process. Whenever necessary, in consultation with the facilitator, the energizer will conduct some warming-up activities. These may include physical activities, songs, games, jokes, storytelling, etc. Participants often also come up with a number of ideas for energizers to implement. Last, all new start up participant will get monitoring and coaching on the site of business for 3 months respectively.
NECP was conducted into two trainings for 04 CLCS (We combined CLC Chrey and CLC Peanroeurng into one training which was held in CLC Chrey and CLC Prey Khla and CLC Purpus was conbined into one training which was held in Svay Antor District Centre). The three-day training in CLC Chrey was held from 19thto 21sd December 2017. There were 20 participants from the two CLCs members. And the three-day training in Svay Antor District Centre was held from 22nd to 24th December, 2017. There were 11 participants from the two CLCs members above. After the training 75% (three CLCs) starting implement on their business idea by start up their own venture at their own or business location that they planned with financial support by European Union and 25% (one CLC) are still facing the problem or still not start implement on their business idea. At that time of start up their business all CLCs also get mentoring and coaching for 3 times on their business practice every month.
The three mentoring and coaching phases were done on 26th to 28th June, 24th to 26th July, and 27th to 29th September, 2017. Consequently, Chrey Commune Learning Center chose motorcycle repairing as their business, located in Chrey commune. Mr. San Poss is the head of the motorbike repairers in the CLCs. Pean Roung CLCs chose tailor as their business, located in High School in Pean Roung Commune. Purpus Commune Learning Center has selected tailor as their business. It is located in the Purpus primary school. Preykhla Commune Learning Center has chosen tailor as their business. It is located in the pagoda area.(See the results of the mentoring and coaching)
In conclusion, all CLCs can run and start up their business successfully.
In conclusion comprehensive training package of the New Enterprise Creation Program (NECP) is the conceptual understanding of the process of entrepreneurship development, Business Plan and Business Start-up. CLCs members pass through different stages during the process of setting up their venture. The task of developing CLCs comprises of (a) developing the entrepreneurial capabilities; (b) ensuring that each potential entrepreneur has a viable business; (c) equipping them with basic managerial understanding, and (d) guiding them to Business Plan to get secure financial, infrastructural and related assistance so that an enterprise is launched; and (e) mentoring and coaching them on how to perform successfully in their business.
Australian Aids should continue supports to existing social enterprise on additional trainings and on the job practices on staff management, transaction record, profit/loss statement and marketing skills